If you want to know about that Types of Electric Charge then you arrive at the right place let’s start with our main motive.
What is the electric charge?
The electric charge is a property capable of being allocated physical calls subatomic particles; that is, it is a characteristic of matter . It is then a phenomenon that is caused by an exchange that produces loss or gain of electrons in the object .
Like all physical properties, it has its own unit of measurement; it is called Coulomb, after a well-known French physicist. By nature, all bodies have the same number of electrons as protons, which makes them electrically neutral (or charge neutral);
But as a result of this transfer phenomenon, both the electrons and the protons have the possibility of drifting to another object. This is why the initial object would be left with a different charge than the original one since it is destabilized by the acquisition or donation of protons or electrons .
In conclusion, to get a body out of its state of electrical neutrality, we should generate an increase in the number of protons over that of electrons, or vice versa.
What are the two types of electric charge?
Positive and negative charges
There are two types of electrical charges : positive and negative.
Positive: in this case the charge of protons will be greater than that of electrons , or the object will only be charged by protons . Another way it can be found described is when the total charge of a body is positive.
In this case, a subtraction must be made between the number of existing protons and the number of electrons found, where to belong to this group the result should be positive.
For example if an atom has the following electrical components:
+ + – + – – – + + + +
The following subtraction should be performed: 7 (positive) – 4 (negative), and the result would be equal to +3 .
Negative: on the contrary, it is the matter that has more electrons than protons, or that contains only electrons . In this case, the other possible explanation would be exactly the reverse of the previous one,
so the difference between the number of protons and electrons found in the body should give a negative result. So the example in this case would be, with the following electrical charge:
+ + – + – – – – +
The subtraction would be: 4 (positive) – 5 (negative), which would give the result – 1 .
On the other hand, once this classification is known, it is important to highlight the existence of two laws by which charges and their combinations are governed in a body. In the first place it is established that: equal charges repel each other ,
that is, if two bodies have equal charges (both positive or negative) they repel each other, so it will be impossible for them to join. The second law establishes that: opposite charges attract each other , so in the case of finding a body with a positive charge and another with a negative charge, their union would be immediate.
In order to charge an object, one has to alter the charge balance of positive and negative charges. There are three ways to do it: friction, conduction and induction.
Electric charges are of two general types: positive and negative. Two objects that have an excess of one type of charge exert a force of repulsion on each other when relatively close together.
In physics, charge, also known as electric charge, electrical charge, or electrostatic charge and symbolized q, is a characteristic of a unit of matter that expresses the extent to which it has more or fewer electrons than protons.
There are two types of electric charge: positive charge and negative charge. If the same amounts of negative and positive charge are found in an object, there is no net charge and the object is electrically neutral.
Reference: Type Of Electric Charge in bright bridge
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